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PRESUMPTION AS TO WHO IS EMPLOYEE

We find guidance in section 83A of the Basic Conditions of Employment Act.

 

(1)  A person who works for, or renders services to, any other person is presumed, until the contrary is proved, to be an employee, regardless of the form of the contract, if any one or more of the following factors is present:

 

(a) The manner in which the person works is subject to the control or direction of another person;

(b) the person’s hours of work are subject to the control or direction of another person;

(c) in the case of a person who works for an organisation, the person is a part of that organisation;

(d) the person has worked for that other person for an average of at least 40 hours per month over the last three months;

(e) the person is economically dependent on the other person for whom that person works or renders services;

(f) the person is provided with tools of trade or work equipment by the other person; or

(g) the person only works for or renders services to one person.

 

(2)   Subsection (1) does not apply to any person who earns in excess of the amount determined by the Minister in terms of section 6 (3).

 

(3)  If a proposed or existing work arrangement involves persons who earn amounts equal to or below the amounts determined by the Minister in terms of section 6 (3), any of the contracting parties may approach the CCMA for an advisory award about whether the persons involved in the arrangement are employees.

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